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Home > Embedded Events > [For MCU Beginner] STM32F072C8T6: Specification, Features and Application

[For MCU Beginner] STM32F072C8T6: Specification, Features and Application

Date: 20-04-2023 ClickCount: 462

Microcontrollers are small computers that are used in a variety of electronic devices. They are designed to perform specific tasks and are used in everything from your toaster to your car's engine control unit.

 

A microcontroller consists of a central processing unit (CPU), memory, input/output ports, and other peripherals. The CPU is responsible for executing instructions and controlling the other components of the microcontroller.

 

One of the key benefits of microcontrollers is their small size and low power consumption, which makes them ideal for use in embedded systems and Internet of Things (IoT) devices. They are often used in applications where traditional computers are not practical, such as in remote sensing devices or in equipment that needs to operate in harsh environments.

 

Today in this article, we will introduce STM32F072C8T6 as an example.

 STM32F072C8T6

STM32F072C8T6 Description

 

The STM32F072C8T6 is a microcontroller unit (MCU) from STMicroelectronics, which is based on the 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 processor core. It is a low-power MCU that offers a combination of high performance, low power consumption, and a range of communication interfaces. The STM32F072C8T6 is part of the STM32F0 series of MCUs and is specifically designed for embedded systems and IoT applications.

 

STM32F072C8T6 Specification

 

Specification

Value

Architecture

32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 processor core

Clock speed

Up to 80 MHz

Memory

64 KB Flash memory, 8 KB SRAM

Communication interfaces

Up to 2 x SPI, Up to 2 x I2C, Up to 3 x USART, USB 2.0 full-speed interface with crystal-less oscillator, CAN

ADC

12-bit with up to 16 channels

DAC

2 channels

Timers

Basic timer, General-purpose timer, Advanced-control timer

Low-power features

Sleep, stop, and standby modes, VBAT supply for RTC and backup registers, Low-power modes with various clock sources

Supply voltage range

2.0 V to 3.6 V

Operating temperature range

-40°C to +85°C

Package

LQFP48

 

STM32F072C8T6 Features

 

ARM Cortex-M0 processor: The STM32F072C8T6 is built around a 32-bit ARM Cortex-M0 processor, which provides high performance and low power consumption.

 

Clock speed: The microcontroller offers a maximum clock speed of 80 MHz, providing fast processing capabilities.

 

Memory: The STM32F072C8T6 offers 64 KB of flash memory for program storage and 8 KB of SRAM for data storage.

 

Communication interfaces: The microcontroller includes a wide range of communication interfaces, including up to 2 x SPI, up to 2 x I2C, up to 3 x USART, USB 2.0 full-speed interface with crystal-less oscillator, and CAN.

 

Analog-to-digital conversion (ADC): The STM32F072C8T6 features up to 16 channels of 12-bit ADC and two channels of digital-to-analog conversion (DAC), allowing for accurate analog measurement and output.

 

Timers: The microcontroller includes a range of timers, including 16-bit and 32-bit timers, which can be used for event counting, pulse-width modulation (PWM), and other timing functions.

 

GPIOs: The STM32F072C8T6 features up to 48 GPIO pins, which can be used to interface with a variety of external devices.

 

Low power modes: The microcontroller offers several low-power modes, including sleep, stop, and standby modes, which can help reduce power consumption.

 

Operating voltage: The STM32F072C8T6 can operate on a voltage range of 2.0 V to 3.6 V, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.

 

Package: The microcontroller is available in a compact 48-pin LQFP package, making it easy to integrate into a variety of designs.

 

STM32F072C8T6 Pinout

 

STM32F072C8T6 Pinout STM32F072C8T6 PINOUT

 

 

STM32F072C8T6 Block Diagram

 

STM32F072C8T6 Block DiagramSTM32F072C8T6 Block Diagram

 

STM32F072C8T6 Application

 

Industrial control systems: The STM32F072C8T6 can be used in industrial control systems for real-time monitoring and control of processes. Its high-performance CPU and multiple communication interfaces make it suitable for controlling sensors, actuators, and other devices used in industrial applications.

 

Medical devices: The STM32F072C8T6 can be used in medical devices such as blood glucose meters, heart rate monitors, and blood pressure monitors. Its low power consumption and high-performance CPU make it ideal for portable and wearable medical devices that require long battery life and real-time processing of data.

 

Home automation: The STM32F072C8T6 can be used in home automation systems for controlling and monitoring home appliances, lighting, and security systems. Its low power consumption and multiple communication interfaces make it suitable for connecting to wireless networks and other home automation devices.

 

Automotive systems: The STM32F072C8T6 can be used in automotive systems for controlling various functions such as engine management, transmission control, and powertrain control. Its real-time processing capabilities and robust communication interfaces make it suitable for automotive applications.

 

Consumer electronics: The STM32F072C8T6 can be used in various consumer electronics products such as digital cameras, media players, and gaming devices. Its low power consumption and high-performance CPU make it ideal for portable and battery-powered consumer electronics products.

 

The Pros and Cons of STM32F072C8T6

Pros:

 

High performance: The STM32F072C8T6 is based on the ARM Cortex-M0 processor, which offers a clock speed of up to 80 MHz, making it suitable for applications that require high processing power.

 

Low power consumption: The STM32F072C8T6 is designed to operate on low power and offers several low-power modes, making it an ideal choice for battery-powered devices and other low-power systems.

 

Communication interfaces: The STM32F072C8T6 offers a range of communication interfaces, including up to 2 x SPI, up to 2 x I2C, up to 3 x USART, USB 2.0 full-speed interface with crystal-less oscillator, and CAN, making it easy to connect to a wide range of external devices.

 

Analog-to-digital conversion: The STM32F072C8T6 features up to 16 channels of 12-bit analog-to-digital conversion (ADC) and two channels of digital-to-analog conversion (DAC), making it suitable for applications that require precise analog measurements and output.

 

Wide range of applications: The STM32F072C8T6 can be used in a variety of applications, such as industrial control systems, medical devices, home automation, automotive systems, and consumer electronics.

 

Cons:

 

× Steep learning curve: For individuals with little experience in programming, the STM32F072C8T6 can be challenging to work with due to its complex architecture and a variety of features.

 

× Limited memory: The STM32F072C8T6 offers a limited amount of flash memory and SRAM compared to some other microcontrollers, which may limit the complexity of the application that can be developed.

 

× Cost: While the STM32F072C8T6 is an affordable microcontroller, it may not be the most cost-effective option for applications that require a large number of microcontrollers.

 

× Limited community support: Compared to some other microcontrollers, the STM32F072C8T6 has a smaller community of users, which may limit the availability of tutorials, documentation, and support resources.

 

Alternative to STM32F072C8T6

 

There are several alternatives to the STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller that you can consider, depending on your specific requirements. Here are a few options:

 

  • STM32F103C8T6: This is another microcontroller from STMicroelectronics that is widely used and has a similar feature set to the STM32F072C8T6. It has a Cortex-M3 core, 64KB flash memory, and 20KB RAM.
  • Atmel SAM3X8E: This is a microcontroller from Atmel (now Microchip Technology) that is popular for its high-performance ARM Cortex-M3 core, with 512KB flash memory and 96KB RAM.
  • NXP LPC1768: This microcontroller from NXP Semiconductors features a Cortex-M3 core, 512KB flash memory, and 64KB RAM. It is popular for its high-speed USB interface and Ethernet connectivity.
  • Renesas RX210: This microcontroller from Renesas Electronics has a 32-bit RX CPU core, 512KB flash memory, and 32KB RAM. It features a wide range of peripherals, including USB, Ethernet, and CAN interfaces.
  • TI Stellaris LM4F120H5QR: This microcontroller from Texas Instruments has a Cortex-M4F core, 128KB flash memory, and 32KB RAM. It is popular for its high-performance floating-point unit and USB interface.

 

Conclusion

 

In conclusion, the STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller is a popular and versatile option for many applications, but there are several alternatives available if it doesn't meet your specific requirements.

 

When choosing an alternative, it's important to consider your needs in terms of performance, memory, and peripherals, as well as factors such as cost and availability. By carefully evaluating your options and selecting the right microcontroller for your project, you can ensure that you achieve the best results and meet your goals efficiently and effectively.

 

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FAQ

  • What is the STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller used for?
  • The STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller is used in a wide range of applications, including industrial automation, consumer electronics, automotive, and medical devices. It is particularly well-suited for applications that require a high level of performance, low power consumption, and a wide range of peripheral options.
  • What is the processing speed of the STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller?
  • The STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller features a Cortex-M0 core that runs at up to 48 MHz. It also has a range of features, such as a high-speed USB interface, that help to further enhance its performance.
  • What development tools are available for the STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller?
  • STMicroelectronics provides a range of development tools for the STM32F072C8T6 microcontroller, including the STM32CubeIDE integrated development environment (IDE), the STM32CubeMX graphical configuration tool, and a range of hardware evaluation boards and software libraries.

Author

Kristina Moyes is an experienced writer who has been working in the electronics industry for the past five years. With a deep passion for electronics and the industry as a whole, she has written numerous articles on a wide range of topics related to electronic products and their development. Kristina's knowledge and expertise in the field have earned her a reputation as a trusted and reliable source of information for readers interested in the latest advancements in electronics.

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